Blue Harlequin Great Dane: Everything You Need To Know

The American Kennel Club (AKC) and the Great Dane Council of America (GDCA) recognize seven colors of the Great Dane as the breed’s standards. 

These colors include brindle, black, blue, fawn, merle, mantle, and harlequin. There are color variations from these colors based on breeding and gene interaction.

In this article, we will give you a detailed breakdown of the blue harlequin Great Dane by providing you with everything you need to know about this Great Dane with its unique coat color.

What Is A Blue Harlequin Great Dane?


Blue Harlequin Great Dane is a coat color pattern seen in Great Danes developed from the breeding of a harlequin and a blue Great Dane. This breeding produces offspring that have both the parents’ coat color patterns by having a white base coat covered with blue markings.

A harlequin Great Dane as one of the parent breeds is easily identifiable by having an all-white base coat with black patches all over their body while a typical blue Great Dane has a base coat that varies from steel blue, charcoal blue, pale blue, and pale grey. 

The interaction of these characteristics through genes produces the blue harlequin Great Dane. 


blue harlequin great daneThe blue harlequin Great Dane holds an appearance of a Great Dane with a white base coat color covered with blue patches. The blue markings or patches are steel blue, which is the main difference between a pure harlequin Great Dane’s markings which are black in color.

The American Kennel Club’s official registration code for this coat color pattern is number 045 (blue and white).

The blue harlequin Great Dane also has a set of blue eyes. They have natural floppy ears and the body structure is similar to the standard Great Dane breed structure. 


The blue harlequin Great Dane’s color does not affect their size and growth as a Great Dane. They grow to the average size of the Great Dane’s breed standard.

The average height of an adult female blue harlequin Great Dane is 28 to 32 inches while the average height of a male blue harlequin Great Dane is 32 to 34 inches.

On the other hand, the average weight of the female blue harlequin Great Dane is 100 to 130 pounds while the male weighs 120 to 200 pounds. 


There is no link between the coat color variation differences in a dog to different personalities. The blue harlequin Great Dane has the same personality traits as the Great Dane breed.

Great Danes are people-oriented, that is, they like being around people and do not do well when away from them. They are gentle, affectionate, sweet-natured, devoted, loyal, friendly, and protective dogs.

The blue harlequin Great Dane embodies these traits and is a great dog to have as a canine companion.

Personality is also influenced by an individual dog’s training, socialization, proper breeding, and overall care. 

Health Problems

The blue harlequin Great Dane is susceptible to certain health problems based on its coat color. 

Studies have proved that a dog’s coat color and health are related whereby some coat color variations are more prone to particular health problems. 

Dogs with light white pigmentation are more prone to deafness and hearing problems. These colors include are white, roan, merle, and piebald color pigmentations whose genes are linked to causing deafness.

The blue harlequin Great Dane is in this category and is prone to deafness. As a large breed dog, the blue harlequin Great Dane is also more susceptible to more health problems. 

They are also predisposed to common Great Dane health problems which include:

  • Hip dysplasia
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Wobblers syndrome
  • Cancer

Read more: What do Great Danes usually die from?

The blue harlequin Great Dane is also very prone to bloat which is a life-threatening gastrointestinal condition that is common in large breed dogs. 

As a Great Dane owner, it is important to be aware of the signs of bloat to be able to know the proper response when it occurs to save your dog’s life. Preventive measures of bloat also exist to reduce the chances of occurrence.

Read more: 

The blue harlequin Great Dane also has a short life expectancy of 7 to 10 years, however, some may live longer than this. 

The important thing to do as a Great Dane owner is to promote their health and wellbeing by providing them with good care both in terms of diet, exercise, grooming, socialization, and training.

Read more: How to keep a Great Dane healthy

You can also learn more about other Blue Great Dane color variations which make them more susceptible to other diseases: 

Grooming and care

The grooming of a blue harlequin Great Dane is not intense. It can be perceived to be so because it is a giant dog. 

The blue harlequin Great Dane coat is short and requires low maintenance. The coat requires weekly brushing for maintenance and removal of shed hair. 

The coat sheds a lot, especially during spring but upkeep is not strenuous. Maintenance only requires weekly brushing, 2-3 times a week.

A blue harlequin Great Dane requires a bath occasionally, ideally once a month. This depends on how frequently they get dirty based on their activity level. 

Weekly brushing of teeth is sufficient and nails should be trimmed once a month when required.  

Moderate exercise is recommended especially before they are 18 months. During this time their bones are delicate and still growing. Injury can cause serious lifelong bone and joint problems.

Great Danes also have moderate energy and do not require intense exercise or activities to be fit and healthy.

An adult dog will only need 30 to 60 minutes of exercise while a blue harlequin Great Dane puppy needs 90 minutes of exercise every day. 

Blue harlequin puppies

Blue harlequin puppies are born when a blue Great Dane and a harlequin Great Dane are bred. Responsible Great Dane breeding requires an understanding of dog genetics as well as abiding by the code of ethics. 

When you are considering acquiring a blue harlequin puppy, always purchase from a reputable breeder who will have their health history. 

This prevents the production and buying of unhealthy puppies due to improper breeding practices.

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How much does a blue harlequin Great Dane cost?

The average cost of a blue harlequin Great Dane is between $1000 and $2500. Different factors will affect this price range based on the breeder, location, and even gender. 

Always ensure to purchase blue harlequin Great Dane puppies from reputable breeders who will have reliable information on their genetic health and health histories.

How rare is a Blue harlequin Great Dane?

The blue harlequin Great Dane is not rare despite being a unique Great Dane coat color variation.

They can be produced from the breeding of a blue Great Dane and a harlequin Great Dane therefore the belief of being rare is not valid.

Also to note is that none of the other Great Dane colors are rare. Exploitative breeders may charge extra for this coat color variation.

You should not pay more than the average price of a Great Dane.

Always buy your blue harlequin Great Dane puppy from reputable breeders to get a reasonable price for your puppy. 


The Great Dane dog breed has various coat color variations. The blue harlequin Great Dane is a color variation that gives a Great Dane a unique coat color.

As a potential Great Dane owner, being aware of these color variations and their characteristics is one of the steps during the selection process to have a preferred Great Dane color. 

Although there are popular Great Dane colors, no color is better than the other and the choice of color is simply personal based on your preference.

Coat color variation is not linked to personality traits but unfortunately, the health of a Great Dane is. Understanding the potential health risks linked to a certain coat color helps you know what to expect, the preventive measures to take, and how to care for your Great Dane.

Overall, when you provide your Great Dane with a good diet, exercise and care they will thrive. 

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